Toptal Blog

The Toptal Blog is the top hub for developers, designers, finance experts, executives, and entrepreneurs, featuring key technology updates, tutorials, freelancer resources, and management insights.

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Motivational Mojo: Motivation Tips for Work

by Jordan DeVos

When productivity wanes, the most effective solution is to get motivated. This is easier said than done. Motives might be deep-rooted, but once uncovered, they can trigger productive behavior. Neuroscientific research links motivation to self-sustaining productivity.

9 minute readContinue Reading
DesignIcon ChevronDesigner Life

The Art of Virtue Signaling: Why so Many Brands Get It Wrong

by Micah Bowers

Many brands overshoot the subtleties of virtue signaling. They preach, posture, and alienate the people they’re trying to impress. We explore how companies can bang their virtue drums better.

7 minute readContinue Reading
ProductIcon ChevronProcess and Tools

Crafting a Strong Product Business Case

by Greg Prickril

More than half of IT projects and products fail. The biggest causes of these failures are resource misallocation and misalignment with business goals. Expertly crafted product business cases can help to mitigate both of these problems.

8 minute readContinue Reading
FinanceIcon ChevronInvestors & Funding

State of the Venture Capital Industry in 2019 (with Infographic)

by Alex Graham, CFA

Over the past decade, venture capital funding has risen by 17% annually to a figure $254 billion. What factors have contributed to this surge and what do they mean for the industry going forward?

25+ minute readContinue Reading
EngineeringIcon ChevronData Science and Databases

An Intro to SQL Window Functions

by Neal Barnett

SQL window functions are calculation functions similar to aggregate functions but, unlike normal aggregate functions like "group by," have access to individual rows and can even add some of their attributes into the result set. In this article, Toptal Freelance SQL Developer Neal Barnett explains the benefits of SQL functions, describes when you’d use them, and gives you real examples to help with the concepts.

6 minute readContinue Reading
DesignIcon ChevronUI Design

Age Before Beauty – A Guide to Interface Design for Older Adults

by Sergey Polyuk

As people age, there are certain physiological and cognitive changes that are almost inevitable. Designers need to understand these changes to effectively master interface design for older adults.

9 minute readContinue Reading
EngineeringIcon ChevronTechnology

.NET Unit Testing: Spend Upfront to Save Later On

by Nickolas Fisher

Unit testing sometimes sounds like an unnecessary expense, but it is a powerful, yet simple tool. Unit tests allow you to identify and rectify weaknesses with relatively little effort. In this article, Toptal Software Engineer Nickolas Fisher takes you on a quick tour of unit testing and explains why you can’t have too many unit tests.

12 minute readContinue Reading
DesignIcon ChevronTools and Tutorials

Exploring Multimodal Design – An Adobe XD Tutorial

by Frederik Goossens

Design tools like Adobe XD can be used by designers to prototype multimodal designs that improve the user experience through interaction mechanisms such as voice, touch, and haptic feedback.

8 minute readContinue Reading
EngineeringIcon ChevronBack-end

Ruby Algorithm Documentation with AsciiDoc and Knitr

by Alec Ten Harmsel

A functional specification is a high-level design document created before implementation and serves as a true plan for the team. In this article, Toptal Freelance Ruby Developer Alec Ten Harmsel walks us through prototyping an algorithm and creating a functional specification with the help of AsciiDoc and R for a Ruby on Rails project.

5 minute readContinue Reading

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